Project FREDRIC – Food Insecurity Reduction & Enhancement of Disaster Resilience in Communities
Location: Angoche District, Nampula Province, Mozambique
Duration: June 1, 2012-December 31, 2013
Coastal communities in Angoche are highly vulnerable to natural disasters such as cyclones, coastal erosion and inundation, and drought and prolonged dry periods. Deep and chronic poverty limit people’s resilience, and recurrent disasters, in turn, undermine already weak livelihoods.
Post-harvest storage losses of approximately 25% of the harvested amount are exacerbated by disasters, reducing further the quantities available for consumption and marketing. Assets are frequently destroyed in disasters or need to be sold in the aftermath to compensate for harvest losses thus further weakening livelihoods.
Low resilience to disasters is exacerbated by limited livelihoods options and poor community management of the resource base. Agricultural productivity is low. Soils are poor; plant diseases reduce yields of key crops. Farmers have no access to improved seeds that are more productive, or resistant to diseases. Newcastle disease kills over 70% of poultry annually, thus reducing household asset base and resilience to disaster.
Natural resources like coastal forests and mangroves play a key role in disaster protection. However, there is increasing pressure to use them in unsustainable ways, both for household use, and for income (e.g. selling building materials and charcoal into towns). This undermines resources that provide key environmental services, such as infiltration of water into soils, mangroves that provide breeding areas for fish, and protection against ocean surges. Over fishing and damage to marine ecosystems, including mangroves, is reducing livelihoods options even further, and exacerbate the impact of disasters on coastal communities.
During heavy rains and cyclones, contamination from open defecation can be washed into the open, shallow pit wells traditionally used in the target communities. This exacerbates already high levels of water scarcity, hygiene problems and water borne diseases. Communities note that water constraints increase during shorter rainy periods, and more intensive rains with rapid run off and less water infiltration.
FREDRIC is addressing these pertinent problems of communities in Angoche District with the Overall Objective of empowering and aiding communities to be resilient to disaster risks.
Specific Objective and Expected Results:
Target communities in Angoche district, particularly poor vulnerable women and girls, are increasingly food & water secure in times of disasters and better plan for and respond to natural hazards.
Result 1: Reduced vulnerability to disasters through community-built and community-managed wells providing sustainable and clean water supply.
Result 2: Farmers apply improved sustainable smallholder agriculture techniques to diversify and increase agricultural production, nutritional intake, and household income, thereby spreading the risk of food insecurity in times of disasters.
Result 3: Productive natural resources are managed and protected improving resilience against hazards.
Result 4: Designated institutions at district and community level are capable to effectively plan for and respond to disaster risks.
Result 5: Interventions are coordinated with other DIPECHO III partners and lessons learnt are documented and shared among project stakeholders.
There are 25.627 direct beneficiaries. In line with the five results of the project direct beneficiaries are:
• Members of 12 farmers associations (approx. 17 per association), approximately 50% of whom are women (up from 40% currently), benefit from improved livelihood and food security.
• Members of Farmer Field Schools– (7 FFS with 17 members each), approximately 50% of whom are women, benefit from improved livelihood and food security.
• Household members of farmers (in Angoche 23% of the Households are female headed) who apply sustainable agriculture (conservation agriculture and agro-foresting techniques) benefit from improved livelihood and food security (5 members per household).
• Community members benefit from new community wells providing safe water: (national standard is 500 community members per water point)
• Community members benefiting from improved sanitation and hygiene (including health benefits of hand washing) – included in water beneficiaries
• Inhabitants of all 7 target communities benefit from improved Disaster Risk Management.